Atrocities against women : Tripura leads

According to the data presented in the State Assembly, average rate of atrocities against women, Left ruled Tripura leads India. In the year 2012, national average was 41.74 whereas state average was 86.95. Next year(2013), national average rose to 52.24 and Tripura average jumped to 89.75. Increase in average rate in Tripura further continued in 2014 by reaching 90.02.

Modern CM, backdated Police, Corruption in modernization of State Police:Extremism & Communists

If compared with last decades, Tripura is quite an insurgency-free state now. No extrement related casualty has been reported for last several years. Manik Sarkar and his government is often widely appreciated for this achievement. Was it actually the achievement Manik Sarkar government ? Was its performance well and just ? Answer is simply ‘no’. See what CAG report says, “Basic infrastructure in conformity with BPR&D norms was not available in a majority of the PSs and OPs test checked. Scrutiny of records of the SP(Procurement), Agartala, revealed that the Department had been holding 835 unserviceable weapons and 22,635 rounds of unserviceable ammunition as of March 2008. No action was taken for the disposal or replacement of these weapons by issuing serviceable weapons. It is particularly serious as Tripura is an insurgency prone State and classified as “A” category by the Govt. of India. During 2005-2008, no training on modern weapons like AK-47, INSAS Series etc. was imparted to the police personnel.” P/67(2008) “Efforts to modernize the State Police Force were impeded by lack of a well designed plan and roadmap, absence of a coherent program of action and inability to spend even the available funds. The plans prepared were not in conformity with the priority areas outlined by the Ministry of Home affairs and deficiencies in the core areas of mobility, weaponry, training infrastructure and communication remained largely unaddressed. The pace of implementation of the modernization plan was inadequate even after the Govt. of India had declared Tripura as “A” category State, prone to terror attacks, and despite the declared assurance of 100 per cent funds for implementation of the scheme.” P/69(2008) To realize the intention of those in power and to find the genesis of extremism in Tripura, one has to go back to the warring decades of 1950-1960 etc. See the armed activities of Mukti Parishad, a known association of the Communists, in 1949 and 1951 only. During this small period, GMP guerilla units launched operation in different parts of the state included, 63 ambushes, 17 attacks on police camps, 44 kidnappings and 48 desertions from the ranks of police and paramilitary. Keeping in mind the above given information, all the armed events by the communist guerillas and formation of several unlawful groups, unabated insurgent activities during the long communist regime should be considered. Why state government under Communist party was never pro-active and not initiated stringent action against extremists? Formation of TNV(Tripura National Volunteers) in 1978 and almost uninterrupted unlawful activities amidst suspicious role of the first and second Left Front government under Nripen Chakraborty as CM can be gauged with the following report of India Today on 31 July 1984 by Sumanta Sen : “The extremist attacks once again showed up the total lack of coordination among the three main law enforcing agencies; the BSF, CRPF and the state police.” “The insecurity of the Bengalis was heightened when leaders of that riot(1980) like Hrankhawl and Jamatiya were treated leniently by the authorities and even resettled when they surrendered. Though this practice is common in Nagaland and Mizoram, in Tripura however the chief minister has been accused of using these extremists to further his own political ends. ” A small break up extremist incident

During this whole period between 1993 and 2007, a total of only 478 militants were killed. CM Mr Manik Sarkar on several occasions informed the Assembly regarding the approximate total number of the extremists. On 18-1-1999 he informed that a total 669 extremists were active in the state. Of which, ATTF – 155, NLFT – 351 and Others – 168. CM in Assembly on 14-6-2004 claimed existence of total 940 armed rebels. Of them, NLFT(BM) – 370, Jasoa – 80, ATTF – 450, BNCT – 40 – Total – 940. CM said on 4-10-2004 the total number of extremists was 940 and break up was like NLFT(BM) – 370, Jasoa – 80, ATTF – 450 and BNCT – 40. He also informed that approximately 973 militants surrendered since 1999. On 16-1-2006, Manik Sarkar again told that total extremists operating was only 800 with NLFT – 450 and ATTF – 350. Chief Minister’s statement on 28-8-2006 revealed total number of armed members band outfits was 410. Out this, ATTF had 180 and NLFT had 230. The total number disclosed by the Chief Minister of the extremists never crossed even one thousand but, surprisingly 8831 militants and collaborators laid down arms in one decade, as stated by the CM on May 14, 2013. There is no doubt that Communist party run government used extremism for gaining political benefits. It did not implement police modernization scheme properly even during peak time of insurgency, remained skeptical of joint action against extremists and presented many false data regarding the whole issue. Proper inquiry may reveal the fact of doubtful role of the govt. It was Govt. of India who intervened and took effective steps to control insurgency and safeguard people.